Vulnerability Management Explained

Vulnerability is the state of being exposed to the possibilities of being attacked and what else than the cybersecurity niche can better understand the term. The emerging virtual attacks give birth to cybersecurity concerns and corresponding to these threats the cyberspace brings its counteragent in place to get rid of the risks the web world faces today.

Yes, the talk is all about Vulnerability Management!

Vulnerability Management is a method that determines, categorizes, prioritizes, and resolves vulnerabilities encountered within a security system of any web asset. It may be software, operating system (OS), website, browsers, application, etc.

Many people take Vulnerability Management as the act of patching and reconfiguring insecure settings; however, it’s more than just repairing the glitches. It is a disciplined practice that needs to be executed keeping in mind that vulnerabilities and risks occur and are found daily and need continual discovery, prioritization, and remediation.

“Cyberattacks on organizations, seen globally, peaked 29% during the first half of 2021.”

By this one can realize that the increase in the number of virtual attacks in the corporate environment is outrageous. With this, the need to protect the data security of organizations becomes a risk management priority.

Vulnerability Management, Vulnerability Assessment, Vulnerability Process

Vulnerability Management and Vulnerability Assessment are taken the same by many; nonetheless, the latter is one portion of the complete Vulnerability Management suite where many risk assessments and analysis are run to get clear insights into the Vulnerability Management action plan.

There is a defined list of standard vulnerabilities and a step-wise process to manage risks to identify and address threats quickly and continually. Let’s take a rundown:

Standard List of Vulnerabilities

Vulnerability Management is a standard-based effort that uses security content automation protocol (SCAP) standards to determine threats. At a hierarchical level,

SCAP can be segmented into the following:

  • Common vulnerabilities and exposure (CVE)
  • Defines a particular vulnerability that poses an attack
  • Common configuration enumeration (CCE)
  • Constitutes a list of system security configuration flaws that help in configuration guidance
  • Common platform enumeration (CPE)
  • CPEs are methods that describe what CCE and CVE apply to. They identify and detail classes of OS, applications, tools, etc.
  • Common vulnerability scoring system (CVSS)
  • This scoring system assigns severity scores to the determined vulnerabilities that help give insights into prioritization and remediation of the risk found.

The Major Strides of Vulnerability and Risk Management

1. Discover

Take inventory of all assets and detect the errors or problems that may represent some type of risk (functionality, security, performance, etc.) as you can’t secure what you’re unaware of. This usually incorporates network scans and authenticated agent-based system scans. 

2. Prioritize

Categorize the discovered assets and prioritize the risks/problems associated with them that need to be corrected, according to focus, budget, processes, etc. 

3. Assess

Assessment provides a risk baseline considering which vulnerabilities can be mitigated and risks can be eliminated.

4. Remediate

Fix vulnerabilities as per prioritization of the risks found. Whether patching is required or you need to reconfigure an asset, this process involves reinforcing the quality of security systems

5. Verify

The remediation is validated again, running additional scans and/or IT reporting to ensure there isn’t a threat missed out of the organizational network

6. Report

Understanding the current state of the risks, a tactical reporting of the vulnerabilities found and mitigation is represented in a summary form indicating risk scores across diverse business parts.

All in all, Vulnerability Management and Risk Management are criterions to measure the severity of security threats where they contextualize the real intensity of risks to minimize their impact on a business’s IT networks and systems.

Organizations today have a real need to put in place an ideal Vulnerability and Risk Management software system whether or not they possess high-risk assets or are even fully prepared to accommodate the new network changes as without that attackers will always be one step ahead of you in using your digital assets but in a bad way.


TAC Security

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